Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Vol. 15, No. 1, 2016, pp. 189-194
Bioline Code: pr16026
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2016, pp. 189-194
© Copyright 2016 - Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Brucellosis in Jazan Province, Saudi Arabia|
Ageely, Hussein; Bani, Ibrahim; Gaffar, Abdelrahim; Eltigani, Magdeldin; Yassin, Abu Obaida; Said, Badria & Mahfouz, Mohamed Salih
Purpose: Brucellosis is responsible for considerable public health issues involving economic
losses due to abortion, loss of milk production and infertility in adult males. The purpose of
this study was to determine the sero-prevalence of brucellosis in Jazan Province, Saudi Arabia and
assess the possible risk factors.
Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in three geographical areas of Jazan
Province, Saudi Arabia. The study sample included 400 participants from randomly selected primary
health care centres. A standardised questionnaire was used to collect information on demographics and
risk factors for brucellosis. A 5 ml blood sample was collected from each study participant. The SPSS
statistical program was utilised for data analysis.
Results: The overall sero-prevalence of brucellosis in Jazan Province was 13.4 % and was higher
among participants ≥ 40 years old (20 %) than those < 40 years (12 %). Prevalence was significantly
higher among rural (39.3 %; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 29.8 – 49.7) than urban populations (4.6 %;
95 % CI, 2.7 – 7.9), in Saudis (14.5 %; 95 % CI, 11.1 – 18.8) than non-Saudis (3.0 %; 95 % CI, 7.0 –
15.3) and in males (16.4 %; 95 % CI, 12.2 – 21.6) than females (7.1 %; 95 % CI, 3.7 – 13.4).
Conclusion: These results indicate the need for a vaccination program in Jazan Province and for public
awareness campaign activities to combat and eradicate the disease.
Sero-prevalence; Brucellosis; Milk; Vaccination; Public awareness campaign
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