To evaluate the fetal toxicity and cytotoxicity of L. kerstingii
in pregnant rats exposed in the
Mated female rats were randomly assigned to three experimental groups of 8 animals each.
Pregnant rats received orally 500 or 1000 mg/kg of 50 % hydroalcohol extract of L. kerstingii
, daily from
the 17th to the 20th day of gestation. On day 21 of pregnancy, the females were sacrificed. Laparotomy
was performed and uterine horns were removed. The number of implants, resorptions, dead and live
fetuses were then recorded. The ovaries were also observed and corpora lutea were counted. The
cytotoxic effect of L. kerstingii
hydroalcohol extract was evaluated on Caco-2 cell lines using MTT (3-(4,
5-dimetylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and neutral red uptake assay.
No visible signs of toxicity were observed in the female rats and their pups through-out the
study period. However, L. kerstingii
(500 and 1000 mg/kg) caused a significant de-crease (p < 0.01) in
fetal weight compared with control. With regard to implantation, resorption and mortality, there was no
significant difference between groups. L. kerstingii
hydroal-cohol extract (IC50
, 29 μg/mL) was more
cytotoxic than the aqueous extract (IC50
, 141 μg/mL).
The administration of hydroalcohol extract of L. kerstingii
to female rats in late pregnancy
is toxic to the fetus.