Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Vol. 15, No. 8, 2016, pp. 1681-1689
Bioline Code: pr16221
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 15, No. 8, 2016, pp. 1681-1689
© Copyright 2016 - Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Neuroprotective effect of apocynin nitrone in oxygen glucose deprivation-treated SH-SY5Y cells and rats with ischemic stroke|
Liu, Wu; Feng, Guo-Shuai; Ou, Yang; Xu, Jun; Zhang, Zai-Jun; Zhang, Gao-Xiao; Sun, Ye-Wei; Li, Sha & Jiang, Jie
Purpose: To investigate the neuroprotective potential of apocynin nitrone (AN-1), a nitrone analogue of
apocynin, in rat brain tissue as a novel candidate for ischemic stroke treatment.
Methods: In vitro neuroprotection of AN-1 was studied in SH-SY5Y cells treated with oxygen glucose
deprivation (OGD). Cell viability was measured using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2Htetrazolium
bromide (MTT) assay, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was
investigated using flow cytometry. The protection of AN-1 in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) rats was
evaluated by cerebral infarct area and neurological deficit score. Oxidative stress of the ischemic
hemisphere was assessed by malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase
Results: In OGD-treated SH-SY5Y cells, AN-1 reduced cell death and ROS level. In I/R rats, AN-1
exerted potential protection against neurological deficit by reducing infarction area, decreasing
neurological deficit score and relieving oxidative stress. AN-1 exhibited stronger action than its parent
compound apocynin in vitro, but the two had similar effects in vivo. In addition, AN-1 demonstrated
efficacy close to or higher than the positive reference Edaravone® both in vitro and in vivo.
Furthermore, AN-1 showed lower toxicity than apocynin in vitro.
Conclusion: The results suggest that AN-1 may be a potential neuroprotective agent for the treatment
of ischemic stroke in human.
Apocynin nitrone; Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury; Neuroprotection; eactive oxygen species; Oxidative stress
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