Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Vol. 15, No. 9, 2016, pp. 1819-1825
Bioline Code: pr16239
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 15, No. 9, 2016, pp. 1819-1825
© Copyright 2016 - Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Development and evaluation of floating microspheres of curcumin in alloxan-induced diabetic rats|
Kumar, Kapil; Pant, Navin Chandra; Ahmad, S.; Fateh, MV.; Rai, AK.; Verma, Bipin & Chaurasia, Himanshu
Purpose: To prepare and evaluate floating microspheres of curcumin for prolonged gastric residence
and to study their effect on alloxan-induced diabetic rats.
Methods: Floating microsphere were prepared by emulsion-solvent diffusion method, using
hydroxylpropyl methylcellulose, chitosan and Eudragit S 100 polymer in varying proportions.
Ethanol/dichloromethane blend was used as solvent in a ratio of 1:1. The floating microspheres were
evaluated for flow properties, particle size, incorporation efficiency, as well as in-vitro floatability and
drug release. The anti-diabetic activity of the floating microspheres of batch FM4 was performed on
alloxaninduced diabetic rats.
Result: The floating microspheres had particle size, buoyancy, drug entrapment efficiency and yield in
the ranges of 255.32 - 365.65 μm, 75.58 - 89.59, 72.6 - 83.5, and 60.46 - 80.02 %, respectively.
Maximum drug release after 24 h was 82.62 % for formulation FM4 and 73.879, 58.613 and 46.106 %
for formulations FM1, FM2, and FM3 respectively. In-vivo data obtained over a 120-h period indicate
that curcumin floating microspheres from batch FM4 showed the better glycemic control than control
and a commercial brand of the drug.
Conclusion: The developed floating curcumin delivery system seems economical and effective in
diabetes management in rats, and enhances the bioavailability of the drug.
Gastro-retentive; Sustained release; Bioavailability; Curcumin; Floating microspheres; Diabetes
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