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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 15, No. 9, 2016, pp. 1929-1933
Bioline Code: pr16255
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 15, No. 9, 2016, pp. 1929-1933

 en Anti-osteoporosis effect of Cistanche deserticola check for this species in other resources Ma extract in ovariectomized rats
Zhang, Li; Yue, Xin-Xia; Zhang, Lei; Zhao, Jin-Fang; Chen, Yi-min; Cao, Zhi-jian & Liu, Yong-lin


Purpose: To investigate the therapeutic effects of Cistanche deserticola check for this species in other resources Ma. extract (CDME) on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats.
Methods: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to a control group and five ovariectomy (OVX) subgroups, that is, OVX with vehicle (OVX), OVX with 17ß-estradiol (E2, 25 μg/kg/day), and OVX with CDME doses (40, 80, or 160 mg/kg/day). Daily oral administration of E2 or CDME started 4 weeks after OVX and lasted for 16 weeks. Bone mineral density (BMD) of L4 vertebrae and right femur of rats was estimated, The length of each femur was measured, and biochemical analysis of serum and urine specimens were performed.
Results: CDME dose-dependently inhibited the reduction in BMD of L4 vertebrae (0.23 ± 0.02 g/cm3, p < 0.05) and femurs (0.20 ± 0.03 g/cm3, p < 0.05) caused by OVX and prevented the deterioration of trabecular microarchitecture (p < 0.05), which were accompanied by a significant decrease in skeletal remodeling (p < 0.05) as evidenced by the lower levels of bone turnover markers.
Conclusion: This study indicates that CDME prevents OVX-induced osteoporosis in rats, and could be used for treating osteoporosis in elderly women.

Cistanche deserticola; Osteoporosis; Ovariectomy; Bone mineral density; Femur

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