Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Vol. 15, No. 9, 2016, pp. 2009-2016
Bioline Code: pr16265
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 15, No. 9, 2016, pp. 2009-2016
© Copyright 2016 - Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Parental views of antibiotic use in children with upper respiratory tract infections in Jordan|
Farha, Rana Abu; Suyagh, Maysa; Alsakran, Lina; Alsous, Mervat & Alefishat, Eman
Purpose: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents towards antibiotics use for upper
respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in Jordan.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at 10 private outpatients’ pediatric clinics across
Amman-Jordan from September to December 2013. During the study period, 1329 parents of young
children who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate were interviewed, and completed a
validated structured questionnaire.
Results: A large proportion of parents (903, 68 %) believed that weather change was the main cause of
acute URTIs in their children. Although 1098 (82.8 %) of parents were aware that the recurrent use of
antibiotics leads to a decrease in effectiveness due to bacterial resistance, 859 (64.6 %) of the
respondents reported that they would give antibiotics without prescription. Fathers (135, 40.2 %), were
significantly more aware that URTIs follow its natural course without antibiotic administration compared
to mothers (N = 327, 32.9 %), respectively (p = 0.005).
Conclusion: There is a lack of adequate parental knowledge concerning the use and misuse of
antibiotics in children in Jordan. National publicity campaign should be mounted to improve awareness.
Furthermore, existing laws should be enforced to prevent parents from purchasing antibiotics over-thecounter
Antibiotics; Attitude; Knowledge; Parents; Upper respiratory tract infections; Publicity campaign
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