Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Vol. 15, No. 11, 2016, pp. 2483-2488
Bioline Code: pr16327
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 15, No. 11, 2016, pp. 2483-2488
© Copyright 2016 - Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, 300001 Nigeria.
Assessment of anxiety and depression in hospitalized cardiac patients of Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology, Pakistan|
Khan, Shujaat Ali; Azhar, Saira; Asad, Sara Marriam; Iqbal, Ayesha; Kousar, Rozina; Ahmad, Mahmood; Taha, Asia & Murtaza, Ghulam
Purpose: To assess the level of anxiety and depression in hospitalized cardiac patients in Faisalabad
Institute of Cardiology, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Methods: The study was conducted on hospitalized cardiac patients at Faisalabad Institute of
Cardiology (FIC), Faisalabad. Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS) was
applied to estimate the occurrence of depression and anxiety in selected participants. This study
involved 400 diagnosed hospitalized cardiac patients and another 400 participants without cardiac
disease as control group.
Results: The anxiety and depression level in hospitalized cardiac patient’s was 79.5% (318), compared
with 68.25 % (273) of the control group. Female patients were also more prone to depression than male
patients. Psychological suffering was 1.80 times more in the hospitalized cardiac patients (OR = 1.804,
95 %CI = 1.308 - 2.488, p = 0.0001). The results showed that gender was the leading factor in the
occurrence of co-morbidities such as depression and anxiety.
Conclusion: Depression symptoms are more common among hospitalized patients than in those
without cardiac disease. Close monitoring is required and patients with psychiatric illness should be
referred for appropriate treatment to overcome this risk.
Hypertension; Anxiety; Depression; Gender; Cardiac patients
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