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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-9827
Vol. 16, No. 3, 2017, pp. 621-625
Bioline Code: pr17080
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2017, pp. 621-625

 en Chemical composition of essential oil of exudates of Dryobalanops aromatica check for this species in other resources
Le, Tian-Xin; Ho, Anthony Siong-Hock; Mah, Siau-Hui; Wong, Tin-Wui; Ong, Hean-Chooi; Loh, Patrick Heng-Meng & Lim, Yang-Mooi

Abstract

Purpose: To identify the chemical composition of essential oil from the exudates of Dryobalanops aromatica from Malaysia.
Methods: Exudate was collected from D. aromatica and subjected to fractional distillation to obtain essential oil. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to characterize the composition of the isolated essential oil.
Results: The yield of essential oil was 7.58 %, with the highest yield (3.24 %) within the first 2 h of fractional distillation. Thirty compounds which accounted for 97.56 % of essential oil composition were identified. These include sesquiterpenes (46.87 %), monoterpenes (31.05 %), oxygenated monoterpenes (16.76 %) and oxygenated sesquiterpenes (2.13 %). Borneol accounted for 0.74 % of the essential oil.
Conclusion: Essential oil from the exudates of D. aromatica contains terpenoid compounds and borneol.

Keywords
Dryobalanops aromatica; exudate; fractional distillation; essential oil; GS-MS; borneol

 
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