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Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
ISSN: 1596-5996
EISSN: 1596-5996
Vol. 16, No. 5, 2017, pp. 1195-1199
Bioline Code: pr17153
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 16, No. 5, 2017, pp. 1195-1199

 en Self-medication with antibiotics in Sana’a City, Yemen
Albawani, Sami Mohammed; Hassan, Yahaya Bin; Abd-Aziz, Noorizan & Gnanasan, Shubashini


Purpose: To determine the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics in Sana’a City, Yemen and its associated risk factors.
Methods: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire was developed and distributed among consumers attending community pharmacies in Sana’a city, Yemen. Chi-square test was used to identify the risk factors associated with self-medication with antibiotics.
Results: The prevalence of antibiotics use during self-medication was 87.1 % (58.2 % of males and 41.8 % of females). Among all respondents, only 49.5 % were aware of bacterial resistance due to antibiotic use. The majority of illness/symptoms treated with antibiotics during self-medication were common cold, cough, diarrhea and fever. The high cost of physician consultation was the main reason for self-medication with antibiotics. The most common source of information was community drug dispensers. Although different factors were assessed, no association could be found between factors like age, gender, material status, educational status, employment, monthly income or knowledge regarding bacterial resistance and self-medication with antibiotics.
Conclusion: Self-medication with antibiotics is high among consumers in Sana’a City, Yemen.

Self-medication; Antibiotics; Community pharmacies; Sana’a City; Yemen.

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