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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 31, No. 1, 2000, pp. 20-22
Bioline Code: rc00005
Full paper language: Spanish
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2000, pp. 20-22

 es Conocimientos y factores de riesgo cardiovascular y su relación con la presencia de hipertensión arterial
Esneda Barrera, Nancy Cerón, Martha Consuelo Ariza

Resumen

El presente artículo es un estudio de tipo descriptivo correlacional, donde se seleccionaron en 1998 a 68 funcionarios clasificados por estratos así: administrativos directivos, administrativos operativos, servicios generales y docentes a los quienes se les aplicó una entrevista estructurada y un formulario que contenía las variables independientes de factores de riesgo modificables y no modificables y conocimientos, y la variable dependiente hipertensión arterial. Se aplicaron medidas biofisiológicas como toma de tensión arterial, talla, peso, glicemia y colesterol. La mayoría de la población estudiada conocía los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares y presentaban factores de riesgo no modificables como edad, sexo y antecedentes familiares y modificables como sobrepeso, sedentarismo, estrés y niveles elevados de colesterol. Se encontró asociación significativa entre antecedentes familiares y presencia de enfermedad hipertensiva; no hubo asociación con el resto de factores de riesgo.

Palabras-clave
Factores de riesgo. Cardiovascular. Hipertensión arterial.

 
 en
Esneda Barrera, Nancy Cerón, Martha Consuelo Ariza

Abstract

The design of the study was descriptive and correlational. The subjects were 68 employees classified by groups, the board of directors, the operative employees, general service and faculty. A structured interview and a questionnaire were applied to all of them. The independent variables were included in the questionnaires, they were knowledge about cardiovascular risk and modificable and non-modificable risk factors and the dependent variables, arterial hypertension, biophysical measures such as blood pressure testing, size, weight, glycemia and cholesterol. The majority of the studied population knows the cardiovascular risk factors. However, there are non-modificable factors such as: age and family antecedents and modificable factors such as: over-weight, sedentarism, stress and high level of cholesterol present as risk factors. Significant association was found between family antecedents and the presence of hypertensive disease. There was no association of this pathology with the remainder risk factors.

 
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Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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