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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 31, No. 3, 2000, pp. 131-134
Bioline Code: rc00023
Full paper language: Spanish
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2000, pp. 131-134

 en
Elsa Lucía Tejada de Azuero, Julián A. Herrera,Carlos Hugo Moreno

Abstract

A descriptive study was performed to determine the risk factors on 665 healthy people of the Valle University Health Service in Cali, Colombia during 1999-2000. Were included 166 (25.2%) professors, 290 (43.6%) employees, 108 (16.2%) active workers, and 16 (2.4%) retired persons. The mean age was 43 ± 7.8 mm Hg, the weight mean was 67.6 kg, the BMI mean was 24.7, and the mean blood pressure was 111/75 mm Hg. Systolic hypertension (140 mm Hg or more) was identified in 7% subjects and diastolic hypertension (90 mm Hg or more) in 12% subjects, overweight in 39% (BMI 26-29) subjects and obesity (BMI 30 or more) in 6% subjects. Diabetes mellitus (fasting glucose levels 125 mg/dl or more) was observed in 2%, hypercholesterol levels (200 mg/dl ore more) in 42% subjects, hypertryglicerids levels in 34% subjects, high arterial index (5 or more) in 23% subjects. The prostate specific antigen (PSA) was high (4 or more) in 7% subjects, VDRL test was positive in 1% subjects. The cervical smear was inflammatory in 9.6% women and the breast exam was abnormal in 8.1% women in reproductive age. The bivariate analysis showed an association between age, overweight and systolic blood pressure (r= 0.48, CI 95%= 0.42-0.54, p < 0.05). Results of this study showed a high prevalence of risk factors to cardiovascular and cancer disease.

Keywords
Health promotion. Chronic diseases. Hypertension. Overweight.

 
 es Identificación temprana de riesgo cardiovascular y de cáncer por pruebas-filtro de laboratorio en funcionarios de la Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia 1999-2000
Elsa Lucía Tejada de Azuero, Julián A. Herrera,Carlos Hugo Moreno

Resumen

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo para determinar factores de riesgo y descubrimiento precoz de enfermedades, acciones de mantenimiento de la salud, dentro del programa de Promoción y Prevención. A un total de 665 personas aparentemente sanas y asintomáticas se les hicieron exámenes estandarizados de glicemia, colesterol, HDL, triglicéridos, serología (VDRL), antígeno prostático (PSA), citología vaginal, examen de mama, toma de tensión arterial (TA), peso, índice de masa corporal (IMC). Los participantes se discriminaron así: empleados, 290 (43.6%); docentes, 166 (25.2%); trabajadores, 193 (29%); y jubilados, 16 (2.4%). Los resultados de este estudio muestran una prevalencia alta de factores de riesgo cardiovascular y factores de riesgo para cáncer de cérvix, mama y próstata en la población estudiada. A mayor edad y mayor peso se observó una asociación significativa con la hipertensión arterial sistólica aislada lo cual es un factor de riesgo alto para enfermedad coronaria y accidente cerebrovascular. El mantenimiento de la salud en el adulto es muy importante para la identificación y manejo del riesgo de las enfermedades cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares.

Palabras-clave
Promoción de la salud. Prevención de la enfermedad. Mantenimiento de la salud.

 
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Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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