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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 32, No. 3, 2001, pp. 145-151
Bioline Code: rc01029
Full paper language: Spanish
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2001, pp. 145-151

 en
Miguel Evelio León, Roger Mauricio Arce, María Andrea Espinosa

Abstract

The purpose of the present investigation is to obtain the cephalometric measures of women with characteristic facial pleasant in Colombia. They took lateral X-rays of skull to 60 participants of the National Competition of Beauty during 1997 and 2001. Each X-ray underwent had traced by two oral and maxillofacial radiologists and the investigators digitized it with a software (JOE 32). The results low paired samples of 26 variables were analyzed in patient with dentofacial abnormality. Of these only 3 (11.4%.) they coincide with the norm, in 6 (23.1%) there were differences of 1° ; 9 (34.7%) they presented difference of 2° ; 2 (7.7%) they differed in 3° ; and 6 (23.1%) in more than 4° . It was not significant the statistical difference among the lines of the two radiologist. The final results confirm the hypothesis that the cephalometric measures in women with characteristic facial pleasant they are different to those used of routine, and they show a tendency of compensation and to a esqueletal class II.

Keywords
Cephalometrics. Orthognathic surgery. Dentofacial abnormality. Orthodontics.

 
 es Medidas cefalométricas en mujeres con características faciales agradables
Miguel Evelio León, Roger Mauricio Arce, María Andrea Espinosa

Resumen

El propósito de la presente investigació n es obtener las medidas cefalomé tricas de mujeres con características faciales agradables en Colombia. Se tomaron radiografías laterales de cráneo a 60 participantes del Concurso Nacional de Belleza entre 1997 y 2001. Cada radiografía se sometióa trazado por dos radiólogos orales y maxilofaciales y los investigadores la digitalizaron con un software de medición cefalométrica. Se analizaron los resultados bajo muestras pareadas de 26 variables en pacientes con anomalías dentomaxilofaciales. De éstas sólo 3 (11.4%) coinciden con la norma, en 6 (23.1%) hubo diferencias de 1° ; 9 (34.7%) presentaron diferencia de 2° ; 2 (7.7%) se diferenciaron en 3° ; y 6 (23.1%) en má s de 4° . No fue significativa la diferencia estadística entre los trazos de las dos radiólogas. Los resultados finales confirman la hipótesis que las medidas cefalométricas en mujeres con características faciales agradables son distintas a las utilizadas de rutina, y muestran una tendencia de compensación alveolodentaria y a una clase II esqueletal.

Palabras-clave
Cefalometría. Cirugía ortognática. Anomalía dentofacial. Ortodoncia.

 
© Copyright 2001 - Revista Colombia Médica
Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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