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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 35, No. 2, 2004, pp. 82-86
Bioline Code: rc04014
Full paper language: Spanish
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2004, pp. 82-86

 en
Gustavo Cabrera, Luis Gómez, Julio César Mateus

Abstract

Objective: To determine the distribution of the stages of change behavior in the regular physical activity of residents of Bogota D.C., Colombia, in 2003.
Methods: The prevalence of intention or regular practice of physical activity in urban residents from I to IV socio-economical status were studied. The participants were older than 18 years old and younger than 65 years. The participants were selected through a probabilistic, three stage, stratified cluster sampling. They were interviewed with consent in their address using structured questionnaires.
Results: The percentage of answer was of 78% and 3,000 records were considered valid; 13% were considered precontemplates because they didn't practice regular physical activity and didn't have the will to do it in the next six months; 24% had the will to do it in a within a semester; 18% were prepared to initiate it in the next month; 7% are in the action stage because of they have been practicing during the last month; 34% were classified as maintainers and the last 4% quit the activity recently.
Conclusions: The distribution of the stages of change in the adult population from I to IV socioeconomical status of the Capital District of Colombia are unfavorable for cardiovascular risk and for other negative comportamental factors associated with the urban life style.

Keywords
Models. Stages of change. Physical activity. Promotion of the health

 
 es Actividad física y etapas de cambio comportamental en Bogotá
Gustavo Cabrera, Luis Gómez, Julio César Mateus

Resumen

Objetivo: Determinar la distribución de etapas del cambio de comportamiento en la actividad física regular de residentes de Bogotá D.C., Colombia, en el año 2003.
Métodos: Se estudió la prevalencia de intención o práctica regular de actividad física en residentes urbanos de los estratos I a IV en Bogotá, mayores de 18 y menores de 65 años, seleccionados probabilísticamente por conglomerados, estratos y tres etapas, encuestados domiciliarmente con consentimiento mediante formularios estructurados.
Resultados: El porcentaje de respuesta fue 78% y se consideraron válidos 3,000 registros. Por no realizar actividad física regular ni contemplar hacerlo en los próximos seis meses 13% son precontempladores; 24% contempla hacerlo en el lapso de un semestre; 18% se preparaba para iniciarla en el próximo mes; 7% está en la etapa de acción por tener prácticas regulares en el último mes; 34% fueron clasificados como mantenedores y el restante 4% abandonó recientemente este tipo de actividad.
Conclusiones: La distribución de etapas de cambio en la población adulta de los estratos I a IV de Bogotá son desfavorables tanto para riesgo cardiovascular como otros factores comportamentales negativos asociados con el estilo de vida urbano.

Palabras-clave
Modelos. Etapas de cambio. Actividad física. Promoción de la salud.

 
© Copyright 2004 - Revista Colombia Médica
Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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