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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 37, No. 3, 2006, pp. 228-241
Bioline Code: rc06049
Full paper language: Spanish
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 37, No. 3, 2006, pp. 228-241

 en Eikenella corrodens: Pathogenesis and clinic aspects
Rubén Darío Jaramillo, Paola Suárez, Beatriz Barraza, Paulina Lara, Luis Teherán, José Edgardo Escamilla

Abstract

The oral microbiological environment is unique and has a complex dynamic. It has been estimated that about 500 species of bacteria inhabit the human oral cavity and about 22 genera of them are the most dominant. The most frequently isolated from infected pockets of the oral cavity bacteria which are also potential pathogens form a small group of gramnegative microorganisms among which are included the following: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans check for this species in other resources , Bacteroides forsythus check for this species in other resources , Campylobacter check for this species in other resources spp., Capnocytophoga check for this species in other resources spp., Eikenella corrodens check for this species in other resources , Fusobacterium nucleatum check for this species in other resources , Porphyromonas gingivalis check for this species in other resources , Prevotella intermedia, and Streptococcus milleri check for this species in other resources -group. E. corrodens is distinguished for being an opportunistic oral pathogen. It can also produce extra-oral infections acting either as an infectious agent itself or together with other bacteria. Referring to E. corrodens the present review will not only demonstrate different aspects about microbiological and biochemical characteristics, but also the actual knowledge on pathogenesis mechanism, like polysaccharides, outer membrane protein, lectin-like adhesin complex, pili, and other mechanisms will be systematized and discussed. Oral and extra-oral infections and other risking factors like endocarditis; osteomyelitis, intra-abdominal infections, their diagnosis and antimicrobial agents will be also considered in this paper.

Keywords
Eikenella corrodens; Pathogenesis; Extra-oral infections; Diagnostics; Antimicrobial.

 
 es Eikenella corrodens: Patogénesis y aspectos clínicos
Rubén Darío Jaramillo, Paola Suárez, Beatriz Barraza, Paulina Lara, Luis Teherán, José Edgardo Escamilla

Resumen

El ambiente microbiológico oral es único y tiene una dinámica compleja. Se calcula que cerca de 500 especies de bacterias habitan la cavidad oral humana, y alrededor de 22 géneros son los predominantes. Las bacterias que se aíslan con más frecuencia de los sitios infectados de la cavidad oral, y que son también patógenos potenciales, forma un grupo pequeño de microorganismos gramnegativos, entre los que se incluyen los siguientes: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans check for this species in other resources , Bacteroides forsythus check for this species in other resources , Campylobacter check for this species in other resources spp., Capnocytophoga check for this species in other resources spp., Eikenella corrodens check for this species in other resources , Fusobacterium nucleatum check for this species in other resources , Porphyromonas gingivalis check for this species in other resources , Prevotella intermedia y el grupo- Streptococcus milleri check for this species in other resources . E. corrodens se reconoce como un microbio patógeno oportunista en la cavidad oral; también, puede causar infecciones extra orales, como un agente infeccioso solo o en combinaciones con diversas bacterias. La presente revisión, con un énfasis en E. corrodens, mostrará varios aspectos de sus características microbiológicas y bioquímicas, también se sistematizan y discuten el conocimiento actual sobre los mecanismos de patogénesis, como los lipopolisacáridos, proteínas externas de membrana, complejo de adesina, pili y otros; infecciones oral y extra oral; factores predisponentes; endocarditis; osteomielitis, infecciones intra-abdominales; diagnóstico y agentes antimicrobianos.

Palabras-clave
Eikenella corrodens; Patogénesis; Infecciones extra-orales; Diagnóstico; Antimicrobiano.

 
© Copyright 2006 - Revista Colombia Médica
Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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