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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 38, No. 3, 2007, pp. 185-190
Bioline Code: rc07040
Full paper language: Spanish
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 38, No. 3, 2007, pp. 185-190

 en Sexual intercourse among adolescent students of Santa Marta, Colombia: a cross-sectional survey
Ceballos, Guillermo Augusto & Campo-Arias, Adalberto

Abstract

Background: Among teenagers, the prevalence of sexual intercourse (SI) varies from one country to another, and inside the same country, it varies from region to region. Information regarding SI in teenagers is unknown for a representative portion of students in Santa Marta, Colombia.
Objective: To determinate the prevalence and factors associated with SI in middle-and high-school students from public and private schools from urban and rural zones.
Method: A statistical sample provided by an anonymous survey one to a group of students. Logistic regression was used to control confounders associated with the fact of the student having had SI in his/her lifetime.
Results: A total of 3,575 students, all grades and socioeconomic status, answered the survey. The mean age was 13.6 (SD=1.9), mean scholarship was 8.2 years (SD=1.6), and 57% were girls. A group of 804 (22.5%) students accepted having had SI. The having had SI was associated with being a boy (OR=8.5), alcohol drinking (OR=4.3), cannabis use (OR=4.2), cigarette smoking (OR=2.8), being older (OR=1.7), attending to private school (OR=1.3), and higher scholarship (OR=1.2).
Conclusions: Twenty-five percent of the students reported having had SI. This is associated with unhealthy habits such as alcohol, cannabis and cigarettes consumption.

Keywords
Sexual behavior; Prevalence; Students; Adolescents; Cross-sectional study.

 
 es Relaciones sexuales en adolescentes escolarizados de Santa Marta, Colombia: una encuesta transversal*
Ceballos, Guillermo Augusto & Campo-Arias, Adalberto

Resumen

Antecedentes: La prevalencia de relaciones sexuales (RS) en adolescentes varía de un país a otro e, incluso, dentro del mismo país, de una región a otra. No se conoce esta información en una muestra representativa de estudiantes de Santa Marta, Colombia.
Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y los factores relacionados con RS en estudiantes de bachillerato, colegios públicos y privados, urbanos y rurales.
Método: Una muestra probabilística por conglomerados de estudiantes diligenció en forma anónima una encuesta. Mediante regresión logística se controlaron factores de confusión para haber tenido relaciones sexuales alguna vez en la vida.
Resultados: Un total de 3,575 estudiantes de todos los grados y estratos respondió la encuesta. La edad promedio fue 13.6 (DE=1.9), la escolaridad promedio fue 8.2 años (DE=1.6), 57% mujeres. Un grupo de 804 estudiantes (22.5%) manifestó haber tenido RS. Haber tenido RS se asoció con ser varón (OR=8.5), consumo de alcohol (OR=4.3), consumo de marihuana (OR=4.2), consumo de cigarrillo (OR=2.8), mayor edad (OR=1.7), colegio privado (OR=1.3) y mayor escolaridad (OR=1.2).
Conclusiones: Una cuarta parte de los estudiantes informa haber tenido RS. Se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa con el consumo de alcohol, marihuana y cigarrillos.

Palabras-clave
Relaciones sexuales; Prevalencia; Estudiantes; Adolescentes; Estudios transversales.

 
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Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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