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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 39, No. 1s1, 2008, pp. 69-77
Bioline Code: rc08024
Full paper language: Spanish
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 39, No. 1s1, 2008, pp. 69-77

 es La dimensión vertical restaurada en la prótesis dental parcial removible
José Fernando Barreto

Resumen

Para establecer consideraciones importantes sobre el diseño de las prótesis dentales parciales removibles se presentan algunos criterios respecto a la necesidad de considerar lo que sucede en las articulaciones temporo-mandibulares (ATM), cuando el caso por resolver es unilateral o cuando es bilateral. Se debe recordar que el sistema estomatognático cumple con 32 funciones dentro de las cuales las ligadas con la masticación, la digestión oral y la fonoarticulación cambian rotundamente si hay la carencia de los dientes posteriores. Pero esta carencia también compromete dos funciones generales de mucha importancia para la persona: el equilibrio y la alteración auditiva. Por ello formular y confeccionar las prótesis dentales removibles no es algo tan simple que lo pueda hacer un simple dentista y menos un mecánico dental sin la dirección de un profesional. Como la tarea es muy compleja, este es el primero de varios artículos mediante los cuales se tratará de reorientar el tratamiento rehabilitador del subsistema masticatorio como parte del sistema estomatognático.

Palabras-clave
Prótesis dental removible; ATM; Postura cefálica; Equilibrio corporal.

 
 en Restored vertical dimension for the removable partial denture
José Fernando Barreto

Abstract

Partial dental prosthesis is a very important field of dental rehabilitation process that usually is not well understood, mainly because it involves the repercussion on more than 10 of the 32 functions performed by the stomatognatic system. In order to fit several very important considerations about partial removable dental prosthesis design, some discernment about the need to consider factors that could affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are presented, particularly when the lack of teeth is unilateral or bilateral. It is necessary to take on account that stomatognatic system performs the mastication, the oral carbohydrate digestion, the vocalization and other functions that could change drastically when there are no sufficient posterior teeth. But this lack also affects two general functions: the dynamic balance and the listening capability. All of those factors are very important to formulate and to produce high quality removable dental prosthesis; therefore, this kind of work couldn’t be performed by a simple dentist or by a dental prosthetic technician without a professional guidance. Since this is a very important and complex assignment, this paper is the first of a four assay being oriented to improve the rehabilitation treatment of the masticatory system as a part of the stomatognatic system.

Keywords
Removable partial dental prosthesis; TMJ; Head posture; Body balance.

 
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Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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