Transformations sociodemographic and living conditions in two indigenous and black populations in northern Cauca in the period between 1993-2005.|
Giraldo, Fernando Urrea & Sánchez, Diego Alejandro Rodríguez
Objectives: To describe the changes occurred in some sociodemographic variables and in the living conditions among
the Nasa, Guambiana and Afrocolombian populations in the northern region of the department of Cauca, and those
occurred in two white-mestizo and black residential sectors in Cali, during the 1993-2005 period.
Methods: It is a descriptive study for which several sociodemographic indicators were calculated through the processing
of census microdata of the years 1993 and 2005: juvenile dependency rate; total masculinity index; mean household
size; speci!c and global fecundity, and infant mortality rates; life expectancy; mean years of schooling; health coverage;
and percentage of population with unmet basic needs (UBN). In this way, the notorious di"erences in the sociodemographic
and standard of living trends between the di"erent populations under study can be stressed.
Results: #e Guambiana population of the Silva town presents lower fertility rates than the Nasa population, still characterized
for presenting early fertility rates. Unlike the northern Cauca Indian people, the Afrocolombian population
from this region and the one resident in Cali’s black popular urban classes tends to show similar socio-demographic
Conclusions: Although there have been deep changes during this period among the populations under study, the
ethnic-racial inequalities seem to persist. From this !rst diagnosis, attention is called to the need for a more adequate
reproductive health policy to attend the speci!c needs present among the Indian population.
population characteristics, fertility, mortality, sociodemographic characteristics, living conditions, ethnic-racial groups.