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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 43, No. 2, 2012, pp. 127-133
Bioline Code: rc12019
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 43, No. 2, 2012, pp. 127-133

 en Transformations sociodemographic and living conditions in two indigenous and black populations in northern Cauca in the period between 1993-2005.
Giraldo, Fernando Urrea & Sánchez, Diego Alejandro Rodríguez

Abstract

Objectives: To describe the changes occurred in some sociodemographic variables and in the living conditions among the Nasa, Guambiana and Afrocolombian populations in the northern region of the department of Cauca, and those occurred in two white-mestizo and black residential sectors in Cali, during the 1993-2005 period.
Methods: It is a descriptive study for which several sociodemographic indicators were calculated through the processing of census microdata of the years 1993 and 2005: juvenile dependency rate; total masculinity index; mean household size; speci!c and global fecundity, and infant mortality rates; life expectancy; mean years of schooling; health coverage; and percentage of population with unmet basic needs (UBN). In this way, the notorious di"erences in the sociodemographic and standard of living trends between the di"erent populations under study can be stressed.
Results: #e Guambiana population of the Silva town presents lower fertility rates than the Nasa population, still characterized for presenting early fertility rates. Unlike the northern Cauca Indian people, the Afrocolombian population from this region and the one resident in Cali’s black popular urban classes tends to show similar socio-demographic patterns.
Conclusions: Although there have been deep changes during this period among the populations under study, the ethnic-racial inequalities seem to persist. From this !rst diagnosis, attention is called to the need for a more adequate reproductive health policy to attend the speci!c needs present among the Indian population.

Keywords
population characteristics, fertility, mortality, sociodemographic characteristics, living conditions, ethnic-racial groups.

 
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