Coping and adaptation process during puerperium|
Romero, Angélica María Ospina; de Rodríguez, Lucy Muñoz & de Cárdenas, Carmen Helena Ruiz
Introduction: The puerperium is a stage that produces changes and adaptations in women, couples and family. Effective
coping, during this stage, depends on the relationship between the demands of stressful or diffcult situations and the recourses
that the puerperal individual has. Roy (2004), in her Middle Range Theory about the Coping and Adaptation Processing,
defnes Coping as the “behavioral and cognitive efforts that a person makes to meet the environment demands”. For
the puerperal individual, the correct coping is necessary to maintain her physical and mental well being, especially against
situations that can be stressful like breastfeeding and return to work. According to Lazarus and Folkman (1986), a resource
for coping is to have someone who receives emotional support, informative and / or tangible.
Objective: To review the issue of women coping and adaptation during the puerperium stage and the strategies that enhance
Methodology: search and selection of database articles: Cochrane, Medline, Ovid, ProQuest, Scielo, and Blackwell Synergy.
Other sources: unpublished documents by Roy, published books on Roy´s Model, Websites from of international health
Results: the need to recognize the puerperium as a stage that requires comprehensive care is evident, where nurses must
be protagonist with the care offered to women and their families, considering the specific demands of this situation and
recourses that promote effective coping and the family, education and health services.
nursing, adaptation, postpartum, pregnancy, family