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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 43, No. 2, 2012, pp. 176-181
Bioline Code: rc12026
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 43, No. 2, 2012, pp. 176-181

 en Murine Typhus: Clinical and epidemiological aspects
Lara, Gaspar Peniche; Dzul-Rosado, Karla R.; Velázquez, Jorge Ernesto Zavala & Zavala-Castro, Jorge

Abstract

Rickettsia typhi check for this species in other resources is an intracellular bacteria who causes murine typhus. His importance is reflected in the high frequency founding specific antibodies against R. typhi in several worldwide seroepidemiological studies, the seroprevalence ranging between 3-36%. Natural reservoirs of Rickettsia typhi are rats (some species belonging the Rattus Genus) and fleas ( Xenopsylla cheopis check for this species in other resources ) are his vector. This infection is associated with overcrowding, pollution and poor hygiene. Typically presents fever, headache, rash on trunk and extremities, in some cases may occur organ-specific complications, affecting liver, kidney, lung or brain. Initially the disease is very similar to other diseases, is very common to confuse the murine typhus with Dengue fever, therefore, ignorance of the disease is a factor related to complications or non-specific treatments for the resolution of this infection. This paper presents the most relevant information to consider about the rickettsiosis caused by Rickettsia typhi.

Keywords
Rickettsia typhi, Rickettsia, infection, rats, !eas, rickettsioses

 
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