Cancer incidence and mortality in the municipality of Pasto, 1998 – 2007|
Yépez, María Clara; Bravo, Luis Eduardo; Hidalgo Troya, Arsenio; Jurado, Daniel Marceloa & Bravo, Luisa Mercedes
Introduction: In Colombia, information on cancer morbidity at the population level is limited. Incidence es-
timates for most regions are based on mortality data. To improve the validity of these estimates, it is necessary that other population-based cancer registries, as well as Cali, provide cancer risk information.
Objective: To describe the incidence and cancer mortality in the municipality of Pasto within the 1998-2007 period.
Methodology: The study population belongs to rural and urban areas of the municipality of Pasto. Collection, processing, and systematization of the data were performed according to internationally standardized parameters for population-based cancer registries. The cancer incidence and mortality rates were calculated by gender, age, and tumor site.
Results: During the 1998-2007 period 4,986 new cases of cancer were recorded of which 57.7% were in female. 2,503 deaths were presented, 52% in female. Neoplasm-associated infections are the leading cause of cancer
morbidity in Pasto: stomach cancer in males and cervical cancer in females.
Discussion: Cancer in general is a major health problem for the population of the municipality of Pasto. The overall behavior of the increasing incidence and cancer mortality in relation to other causes of death show the need to implement and strengthen prevention and promotion programs, focusing especially on tumors that produce greater morbidity and mortality in the population.
Incidence, mortality, cancer, prevention, helicobacter pylori, human papillomavirus.