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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 45, No. 1, 2014, pp. 7-14
Bioline Code: rc14002
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2014, pp. 7-14

 en Social capital and relationship with self-rated health. National health survey in Colombia 2007
Tuesca-Molina, Rafael de Jesús & Amed-Salazar, Eustorgio José

Abstract


Objective: To analyze the self-reported perceived health related to socio-demographic characteristics, social health inequalities and social capital in Colombia.
Methods: This study is a cross-sectional design; data was obtained from the National Health Survey of Colombia 2007. Independent variables: socio-demographic characteristics; component variables: social health inequality and social capital. Dependent variable: selfreported health. Analysis of the relationship used logistic regression through OR and its confidence interval.
Results: The determinant factors for a negative health perceptions are related to being a female (OR: 0.49 [0.47 to 0.52]), and in both genders being older than 37 years of age (OR: 0.72 [0.61 to 0.85]), living without a partner, black ethnicity, indigenous women (0.80 [0.69 to 0.94] and low economic incomes.
Discussion: The relationship between social determinants and social capital in the perception of health shows inequities and indirectly reflects the level of health. Given the policies and the model of health, requires a rational adjustment of the goals, programs, and national and regional strategies with the object of improving the demand and quality of services.

Keywords
Cross sectional; ethnicity; health status; socioeconomic factors; healthcare disparities; Health Perception

 
 es Capital social y su relación con la precepción de salud. Encuensta nacional de salud, Colombia 2007
Tuesca-Molina, Rafael de Jesús & Amed-Salazar, Eustorgio José

Resumen


Objetivo: Analizar la percepción de salud relacionada con características sociodemográficas, las desigualdades sociosanitarias y el capital social en Colombia.
Métodos: Los datos provenientes de la Encuesta nacional de salud de Colombia 2007. Variables independientes: características sociodemográficas y variables componentes: desigualdad sociosanitaria y capital social. Variable dependiente percepción del estado de salud. Análisis de la relación mediante regresión logística a través de la OR y su intervalo de confianza.
Resultados: Los factores determinantes para una percepción negativa de salud están relacionados con ser mujer (OR: 0.49 [0.47-0.52]), para hombres y mujeres ser mayor de 37 años (OR: 0.72 [0.61-0.85]), vivir sin pareja, ethnicidad negro/a; indígena en mujeres (0.80 [0.69- 0.94] y bajos ingresos económicos.
Discusión: La relación entre los determinantes sociales y el capital social en la percepción de salud muestra inequidades y reflejan indirectamente el nivel de salud; dadas las políticas y el modelo de salud se requiere un ajuste racional de las metas y programas y estrategias nacionales y regionales con el objeto de mejorar la demanda y la calidad de los servicios.

Palabras-clave
Transversal; etnicidad; estado de salud; desigualdades en salud; factores socioeconómicos; disparidades de salud

 
© Revista Colombia Médica
Alternative site location: http://colombiamedica.univalle.edu.co

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