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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 48, No. 3, 2017, pp. 125-130
Bioline Code: rc17026
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2017, pp. 125-130

 en Frailty syndrome and socioeconomic and health characteristics among older adults
Tavares, Darlene Mara dos Santos; Corrêa, Thais Aline de Freitas; Dias, Flavia Aparecida; Ferreira, Pollyana Cristina dos Santos & Pegorari, Maycon Sousa

Abstract


Objective: To investigate the association of frailty syndrome with socioeconomic and health variables among older adults.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional, observational and analytical household research conducted with a sample of 1,609 urban elderly. We used: semi-structured questionnaire, scales (Katz, Lawton and shortened version of Geriatric Depression Scale) and Fragility Phenotype proposed by Fried. Descriptive analysis was performed along with a bivariate and multinomial logistic regression model (p <0.05).
Results: The prevalence of pre-frailty condition was 52.0% and the fragility corresponded to 13.6%. Pre-frailty and frailty associated factors were, respectively: age range between 70-79 years and ≥80 years; one to four morbidities and five or more morbidities categories; functional disability for basic and instrumental activities of daily life and depression indicative; whilst lack of a companion or income and female gender were only associated to pre-frailty.
Conclusion: The conditions of pre-frailty and frailty levels were elevated with negative effects on the health of the elderly.

Keywords
Frail elderly; aging; health status; socioeconomic factors; health services for the aged; activities of daily living

 
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