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Revista Colombia Médica
Universidad del Valle - Facultad de Salud
ISSN: 0120-8322
EISSN: 1657-9534
Vol. 48, No. 3, 2017, pp. 119-124
Bioline Code: rc17033
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Revista Colombia Médica, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2017, pp. 119-124

 en Noise level in a neonatal intensive care unit in Santa Marta - Colombia
Garrido, Galindo Angélica Patricia; Camargo, Caicedo Yiniva & Vélez-Pereira, Andres M

Abstract

Introduction: The environment of neonatal intensive care units is influenced by numerous sources of noise emission, which contribute to raise the noise levels, and may cause hearing impairment and other physiological and psychological changes on the newborn, as well as problems with care staff.
Objective: To evaluate the level and sources of noise in the neonatal intensive care unit.
Methods: Sampled for 20 consecutive days every 60 seconds in A-weighting curves and fast mode with a Type I sound level meter. Recorded the average, maximum and minimum, and the 10th, 50th and 90th percentiles. The values are integrated into hours and work shift, and studied by analysis of variance. The sources were characterized in thirds of octaves.
Results: The average level was 64.00 ±3.62 dB(A), with maximum of 76.04 ±5.73 dB(A), minimum of 54.84 ±2.61 dB(A), and background noise of 57.95 ±2.83 dB(A). We found four sources with levels between 16.8-63.3 dB(A). Statistical analysis showed significant differences between the hours and work shift, with higher values in the early hours of the day.
Conclusion: The values presented exceed the standards suggested by several organizations. The sources identified and measured recorded high values in low frequencies.

Keywords
Critical care; noise pollution; benchmark standard; neonatal intensive care; environmental health

 
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