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Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
ISSN: 1680-6433
EISSN: 2008-2177
Vol. 6, No. 3, 2008, pp. 157-165
Bioline Code: rm08025
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2008, pp. 157-165

 en The in-vitro effects of nicotine, cotinine and leptin on sperm parameters analyzed by CASA system
Jorsaraei, Seyed Gholam Ali; Shibahara, Hiroaki; Ayustawati; Hirano, Yuki; Shiraishi, Yasuko; Khalatbari, Ali; Pasha, Yousofreza Yousofnia & Suzuki, Mitsuaki

Abstract

Backgrand: Cotinine (COT) is a major degradation product of nicotine (NIC). The participation of leptin in female reproduction is well-established, but any role in male reproductive function is at the best tenuous.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in-vitro effects of nicotine, cotinine and leptin on sperm parameters in normal semen of non-smokers fertile men.
Materials and Methods: Ten healthy nonsmokers aged 25-40 years old were devided into 7 groups, Thier semens were divided into 7 aliquots. (A) was layered with basal solution 70 ng/ml NIC, (B) 35 μg/ml NIC, (C) 300 ng/ml COT, (D) 200 μg/ml COT, (E) 30 ng/ml leptin, (F) 300 ng/ml leptin respectively and (G) was layered with mHTF. After migration, the samples were examined at time 0, +1, +2, +4, +8, and + 24 h of incubation.
Results: These findings were obtained: sperm count: 75.66±66.25x106 /ml, forward motility: 75.55±14.80%, progress: 33.66±13.01, VSL: 51.58±6.99 μm/s, VCL: 103.33±14.52 μm/s, ALH: 4.33±0.77 μm, BCF: 25.60±2.97 HZ, STR: 79.33±8.04 %, LIN: 52.55±10.52 %, ELO: 74.22 ± 12.76 % and ARE: 3.04 ± 1.50 u/sq. The parameters were similar before 8 hr and were being decreased after that.
Conclusion: According to the results. nicotin and cotinin have negative effects on the sperm parameters but despite the positive effect of leptin, there is no correlation between leptin concentration in semen and its physical characteristics.

Keywords
Nicotine, Cotinine, Leptin, Sperm parameters.

 
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