International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
Vol. 7, No. 2, 2009, pp. 85-89
Bioline Code: rm09015
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2009, pp. 85-89
© Copyright 2009 - Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic field on mouse epididymis and deferens ducts|
Rajaei, Farzad; Farokhi, Mehdi; Ghasemi, Nazem & Pahlevan, Ali Asghar
Considerable attention is focused on effects of electromagnetic field
(EMF) and its increasing use in everyday life. Appliances and various equipments are
sources of electromagnetic fields with a wide-range of technical characteristics.
Objective: In this study we investigated the effect of EMF (50 Hz, 0.5 mT) on
epididymis and deferens duct in mice.
Materials and Methods:
30 BALB/C mice were selected and divided into three groups
(control, sham and experimental). While control and sham groups were not exposed to
EMF, the experimental group was exposed to EMF (50 Hz, 0.5 mT) 4 hours a day, 6
days per week and for 2 months. At the end of 2 months, the mice were sacrificed,
dissected and samples from epididymis and vas deferens in all groups were taken and
processed for light microscopic studies. 40 microscopic fields from each group were
randomly selected. The diameters and the height of epithelial cells of epididymis and
deferens duct in 3 groups were measured and compared using statistical methods.
The data showed that the mean diameter of epididymis and deferens duct in
EMF group was significantly decreased compared to the control group (p=0.001). The
height of epithelial cells in epididymis and deferens duct in EMF group was
considerably reduced compared to the control and sham groups (p=0.001). In addition,
the weight of testes in EMF group was significantly decreased compared to the control
and sham groups (p<0.007).
It could be concluded that the exposure to EMF leads to detrimental
effects on male reproductive system in mice as seen by a decrease in diameter of
reproductive ducts, the height of epithelial cells and weight of testes.
Electromagnetic field, Mouse, Epididymis, Deferens duct
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