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International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
ISSN: 1680-6433
EISSN: 2008-2177
Vol. 10, No. 4, 2012, pp. 383-390
Bioline Code: rm12055
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2012, pp. 383-390

 en Knowledge of reproductive physiology and hormone therapy in 40-60 year old women: a population-based study in Yazd, Iran
Fallahzadeh, Hossein; Hossienzadeh, Maryam; Yazdani, Fatemeh & Javadi, Atefeh


Background: Evidences shows that menopause affects women's health, but women's knowledge of proper care and maintenance is insufficient.
Objective: To determine knowledge of hormone therapy (HT), reproductive physiology, and menopause in a population of 40-60 year old women.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted through a cluster sampling among 330 women in Yazd, Islamic Republic of Iran, in 2010. Data was collected using a questionnaire containing questions about reproductive physiology related to menopause and HT by interviewing. Inferential and descriptive statistics via SPSS.15 software were used for data analysis.
Results: Overall, 2.1% of women were current takers of HT, 13.4% had taken it in the past but had stopped and 84.5% had never taken hormone replacement therapy. Iranian women had low knowledge of HT, reproductive physiology, and menopause. Most of the women (85.5%) knew that hot flashes are common around menopause and only 77.2% knew decreasing estrogen production causes the menopause. They knew little about the effects of progestagens and the effects of HT on fertility. Logistic regression determined that age, educational level and BMI were the most important factors predicting use of HT after adjusting for other variables.
Conclusion: Iranian women have a low HT usage rate and the majority of them are lacking of the knowledge about HT and menopause. Women need improved knowledge of the risks and benefits of HT as well as education about the reproductive system around menopause.

Menopause, Knowledge, Hormone therapy, Reproduction physiology, Women, Iranian.

© Copyright 2012 - Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
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