International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
Vol. 11, No. 8, 2013, pp. 625-630
Bioline Code: rm13078
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Reproductive Medicine, Vol. 11, No. 8, 2013, pp. 625-630
© Copyright 2013 - Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Relationship between maternal periodontal disease and low birth weight babies|
Haerian-Ardakani, Ahmad; Eslami, Zia; Rashidi-Meibodi, Fahimeh; Haerian, Alireza; Dallalnejad, Pantea; Shekari, Marjan; Taghavi, Amir Moein & Akbari, Solmaz
Background: Periodontal infections, which serve as a reservoir of inflammatory mediators, may pose a threat to the fetal-placental unit and cause adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Objective: The aim of this study was assessing the periodontal status of women during puerperium and determining the possible relationship between their periodontal disease and low birth weight delivery.
Materials and Methods: This was a case-control study. The sample included 88 ex-pregnant women were seen at maternity hospitals of Yazd, Iran. Half of the mothers had low birth babies (LBW) (birth weight below 2500g- case group) and the others had normal weight babies (>2500g- control group). The mothers’ data were obtained from medical files, interview and periodontal clinical examination carried out up to 3 days after delivery. Bleeding on probing, presence of supra-gingival calculus and CPITN (Community Periodontal Index for Treatment Needs) were used for periodontal assessment
Results: Among the known risk factors of LBW babies, history of previous LBW infant among case mothers reached statistical significance (p=0.0081, Student t-test). Mothers of LBW infants had less healthy areas of gingiva (p=0.042), and more deep pockets (p=0.0006, Mann-Whitney test).
Conclusion: The maternal periodontal disease can be a potential independent risk factor for LBW.
Periodontal disease; Low birth weight; community periodontal index for treatment needs
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