International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
Vol. 12, No. 2, 2014, pp. 151-154
Bioline Code: rm14020
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Reproductive Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2014, pp. 151-154
© Copyright 2014 - Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Study of cytomegalovirus infection in idiopathic infertility men referred to Shariati hospital, Tehran, Iran|
Habibi, Masoud; Bahrami, Alireza; Morteza, Afsaneh; Gilani, Mohammad Ali Sadighi; Hassanzadeh, Gholamreza; Ghadami, Mohsen & Choobineh, Hamid
Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a prevalent infection in humans. Recent studies have shown the role of CMV infection in male infertility disorder.
Aim: Here we aimed to study the role of CMV infection in men with idiopathic infertility.
Materials and Methods: We performed a case-control study of CMV serology in 200 patients attending male infertility clinic of a university hospital. There were 154 men diagnosed with infertility and 46 men without infertility. The patients were asked to donate their sperm, blood, and urine. The presence of CMV infection was studied using quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
Results: CMV infection was present in 25 of all the studied participants. Controls had a higher sperm count and sperm motility and sperm morphology compared to patients. There were no significant differences in the studied variables between those with and without CMV infection, nor in patients, neither in controls. Sperm morphology was negatively correlated with cigarette smoking (r=-0.15; p<0.03). Even though the prevalence of CMV infection was higher in patients with infertility in control and patient (5/46 vs. 20/154) respectively, this was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: We did not show a significant role for CMV infection in male infertility. Based on the previous studies, it could be assumed that CMV infection is an important part of the male infertility and its treatment would improve the sperm quality, however this was not confirmed by the present study.
Male infertility; Cytomegalovirus infection; Sperm morphology
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