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International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
ISSN: 1680-6433
EISSN: 2008-2177
Vol. 13, No. 6, 2015, pp. 327-336
Bioline Code: rm15045
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2015, pp. 327-336

 en Adenomyosis and its impact on women fertility
Garavaglia, Elisabetta; Audrey, Serafini; Annalisa, Inversetti; Stefano, Ferrari; Iacopo, Tandoi; Laura, Corti & Massimo, Candiani


Adenomyosis is a widespread disease affecting the reproductive period of women’s life. In the last ten years, different pathogenetic hypotheses have been proposed to explain the initiation and development of the disease. This article aims to present and discuss the most important pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying adenomyosis development in order to clarify the relationship between adenomyosis and infertility. A PubMed search was undertaken for English language literature using the MeSH terms ‘adenomyosis’, ‘infertility’, ‘treatment’, and ‘pathogenesis’. Although the exact etiology of adenomyosis is unknown, many theories have been proposed. We analysed the most important pathogenic theories expressed and evaluated the potential consequences on women fertility. A better comprehension of the adenomyosis pathogenesis has allowed realizing that adenomyosis may affect young women and may have a great impact on their fertility through different mechanisms. The understanding of these mechanisms helps to clarify the potential usefulness of current therapies.

Adenomyosis; Hyperestrogenism; Infertility; Pathogenesis; Treatment

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