International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
Vol. 15, No. 2, 2017, pp. 83-86
Bioline Code: rm17011
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Reproductive Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2017, pp. 83-86
© Copyright  - Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Can letrozole plus HMG protocol improve pregnancy outcomes in frozen-thawed embryo transfer? An RCT|
Aleyasin, Ashraf; Aghahosseini, Marzieh; Safdarian, Leili; Noorzadeh, Maryam; Fallahi, Parvin; Rezaeian, Zahra & Hoseinimosa, Sedighe
Background: There are different methods in endometrial preparation for frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET).
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the live birth rate in the artificial FET protocol (estradiol/ progesterone with GnRH-agonist) with stimulated cycle FET protocol (letrozole plus HMG).
Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial included 100 women (18-42 years) randomly assigned to two groups based on Bernoulli distribution. Group I received GnRH agonist [Bucerelin, 500μg subcutaneously] from the previous midlutea lcycle, Then estradiol valerat [2 mg/ daily orally] was started on the second day and was increased until the observation of 8mm endometrial thickness. Finally progesterone [Cyclogest, 800 mg, vaginally] was started. Group II received letrozole on the second day of the cycle for five days, then HMG 75 IU was injected on the7th day. After observing [18 mm folliclhCG10000 IU was injected for ovulation induction. Trans cervical embryo transfer was performed in two groups. The main outcome was the live birth rate. The rate of live birth, implantation, chemical, and clinical pregnancy, abortion, cancellation and endometrial thickness were compared between two groups.
Results: Implantation rate was significantly higher in group I. Live birth rate was slightly increased in group I without significant difference (30% vs. 26%). The rate of chemical and clinical pregnancy was similar in two groups. The abortion rate was lower in letrozole protocol but the difference was not statistically significant. The mean endometrial thickness was not different between two groups.
Conclusion: Letrozole plus HMG method cannot improve pregnancy outcomes in frozen-thawed embryo transfer but it has only one injection compare to daily injections in artificial method.
Frozen-thawed embryo transfer; Endometrial preparation; Freeze embryo
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