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Rwanda Medical Journal
Rwanda Health Communication Center - Rwanda Biomedical Center (RHCC - RBC)
ISSN: 2079-097X
EISSN: 2079-097X
Vol. 75, No. 1, 2018, pp. 12-13
Bioline Code: rw18002
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Rwanda Medical Journal, Vol. 75, No. 1, 2018, pp. 12-13

 en Lung Infection Caused by Mycobacterium Fortuitum
Devaraj, Navin Kumar


Mycobacterium fortuitum is a rare cause of pulmonary infection. It is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium (acid fast bacillus) that mainly affects the joints, lymphatic system, eyes, and skin. Mycobacterium fortuitum is a rapidly replicating non-tuberculous mycobacterium with the ability to form colonies in one week. It is resistant to fist line anti-tuberculous drugs [1]. The incidence of mycobacterium fortuitum infections has been reported to be on the rise worldwide [1]. It mainly affects the joints, lymphatic system, eyes and skin [2].

The detection of mycobacterium tuberculosis in respiratory sputum or bronchoscopy samples does not always indicate the presence of active lung infection [2]. Therefore, when investigating patients that test positive for mycobacterium fortuitum, many guidelines recommend usage of the same diagnostic triad used to diagnosis pulmonary tuberculosis (clinical, imaging and radiographic features).

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