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Rwanda Medical Journal
Rwanda Health Communication Center - Rwanda Biomedical Center (RHCC - RBC)
ISSN: 2079-097X
EISSN: 2410-8626
Vol. 76, No. 4, 2019, pp. 1-2
Bioline Code: rw19020
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Rwanda Medical Journal, Vol. 76, No. 4, 2019, pp. 1-2

 en Tumoral calcinosis of bilateral hip joint in an adult female: A Case report
Byiringiro Mugabe, F & Rugwizangoga, B

Abstract

The term Tumoral Calcinosis (TC) was coined by Inclan in 1943 but similar pathological entities were recognized in the late 1890s [1,2]. It is a rare condition consisting of accumulation of calcium in periarticular tissue outside of capsule. Most commonly it involves large joints (hip, shoulder and elbow). Less commonly, hands and wrist joints may be involved with this process. Most patients with TC are in the first two decades of life. There is not gender difference, i.e. the male to female ratio is 1:1 [1]. Tumoral Calcinosis cases fall into two broad categories: Primary Tumoral Calcinosis (PTC) and Secondary Tumoral Calcinosis (STC). Patients in the latter group usually have chronic renal failure. The radiographic features and the histopathology of the two groups are similar. The two groups are dissimilar in their biochemical markers and genetic features. Both medical and surgical treatment have a place in the management of patients with this unusual disease or group of diseases.

Keywords
Calcinosis; Tumoral; Hip Joint; Histology; Rwanda

 
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