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Rwanda Medical Journal
Rwanda Health Communication Center - Rwanda Biomedical Center (RHCC - RBC)
ISSN: 2079-097X
EISSN: 2079-097X
Vol. 77, No. 2, 2020, pp. 1-3
Bioline Code: rw20019
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Rwanda Medical Journal, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2020, pp. 1-3

 en Severe Anemia by a Leech Infestation in a Pediatric Patient: A Case Report
Rutagumba, D.; Niyoyita, B. & Nyirasafari, R.


CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a five-year-old female patient who presented to the Rwanda Military Hospital for left ear foreign body. She had a background of hematemesis and body weakness and was found to have severe anemia. The anemia resolved after a blood transfusion and vomiting of a leech parasite.

DISCUSSION: Leeches are rare parasites that can cause life-threatening anemia. Leeches are transmitted by using unfiltered infested water through bathing or drinking or while swimming in contaminated water. Although leech infestation is a rare cause of severe anemia, it should be considered as a possible cause of hematemesis, vaginal, or gastrointestinal bleeding.

Leech; Infestation; Anemia; Case Reports.

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