Epidemiology of Orofacial Clefts in Rwanda|
Mumena, C. H.; Ingabire, E. H.; Hakizimana, J. B.; Rukumbura, T.; Mugisha, F.; Musoni, C. N.; Nyinawumuntu, B.; Ondari, B. & Butali, A.
BACKGROUND: There is substantial variability in the relative frequency of orofacial clefts. The information available on
orofacial clefts in Rwanda is limited. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency and geographical distribution of orofacial
clefts in Rwanda.
METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on records of orofacial cleft patients treated from January
2010 to December 2013, for a period of one month at ADEPR Nyamata, Kigali University Teaching Hospital and Rwanda
Military Hospital. Patient information was retrieved from hospital records, extracted into standardized data collection forms,
and cataloged using Excel 2013. The results were exported and analyzed using SPSS-version 16.0 software and presented
using frequency distribution tables.
RESULT: A total of 339 orofacial cleft patients’ records were reviewed. Of all the patients, 50.4% were male and the mean age
was 8.43 ± 0.4 years [3 months, 65 years]. About 74% of all orofacial clefts were cleft lip, 18.9% cleft palate, and 7.1% had
both cleft lip and cleft palate. Of the five provinces, 34.2% came from the Eastern provinces.
CONCLUSION: There is a substantial occurrence of all types of orofacial clefts in all provinces, and the cleft lip is the most common.
A good number of adults with untreated orofacial clefts existed.
Orofacial Cleft; Rwanda; University Teaching Hospital; Hospital Records