Determinants of Sexual Practices Among Secondary School Students in Nigeria: Focusing on Socio-Cultural and School-Related Factors|
Kanmodi, K.; Fagbule, O.; Ogunniyi, K.; Ogbeide, M.; Samuel, V.; Aliemeke, E.; Olatunji, Y.; Isola, T.; Adewuyi, H. & Musa, S.
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the school-related and sociocultural determinants of sexual practices
amongst Nigerian secondary school students. This study aims to determine such factors amongst them.
METHODS: This was a descriptive questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey of 2,530 students from 13 Nigerian secondary
RESULTS: Roughly a fifth (22.1%) of the respondents had engaged in sex and their mean (±SD) age of sexual debut was
13.8 (±3.6) years; 82.3% and 53.6% of those who had ever had sex had a history of vaginal sex and oral sex, respectively.
Also, 52.3% and 58.9% of those with a history of vaginal sex and oral sex had multiple sexual partners, respectively. No
significant difference exists between respondents’ lifetime sexual history and school type (private versus [vs.] public);
student’s class (SS 1 vs. SS2 vs. SS3); and mode of the studentship (day vs. boarding) (p-values>0.05). However, the
following factors were found to predict a positive history of engagement in sexual practices amongst the respondents:
age ≥ 20 years (aOR:5.24; 95%CI:2.21-12.46); age 15-19 years (aOR:1.99; 95%CI:1.02-3.88); studying in northern Nigeria
(aOR:1.96; 95%CI:1.02-3.88); being a Yoruba (aOR:2.28; 95%CI:1.24-4.22); being male (aOR:1.89; 95%CI:1.17-3.04); and
being a Muslim (aOR:2.17; 95%CI:1.30-3.64).
CONCLUSION: Age, gender, school location, tribe, and religion were significantly associated with positive sexual
history of Nigerian secondary school students.
Sexual Behavior; Adolescents; Schools; Nigeria