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Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering
Iranian Association of Environmental Health (IAEH)
ISSN: p-ISSN: 1735-1979
Vol. 2, No. 3, 2005, pp. 159-168
Bioline Code: se05023
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2005, pp. 159-168

 en KINETIC AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES OF LEAD AND CADMIUM BIOSORPTION FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY SARGASSUM SPP. BIOMASS
R. Nabizadeh, K. Naddafi, R. Saeedi, A. H. Mahvi, F. Vaezi, K. Yaghmaeian and S. Nazmara

Abstract

Contamination of the aqueous environment by heavy metals is a worldwide environmental problem. Biosorption of lead (II) and cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by brown algae Sargassum   check for this species in other resources spp. biomass was studied in a batch system. The heavy metals uptake was found to be rapid and reached to 88-96% of equilibrium capacity of biosorption in 15min. The pseudo second-order and saturation rate equations were found in the best fitness with the kinetic data (R2 > 0.99). The data obtained from experiments of single-component biosorption isotherm were analyzed using the Freundlich, Langmuir, Freundlich-Langmuir and Redlich-Peterson isotherm models. The Redlich-Peterson equation described the biosorption isotherm of Pb2+ and Cd2+ with high correlation coefficient (R2 0.99) and better than the other equations. The effect of Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ on the biosorption of Pb2+ was not significant, but the metal ions affected the biosorption of Cd2+ considerably. According to the Langmuir model, the maximum uptake capacities (qm) of Sargassum spp. for Pb2+ and Cd2+ were obtained as 1.70 and 1.02mmol/g, respectively. Although the Sargassum spp. used in this study can be classified as an efficient biosorbent.

Keywords
Biosorption, sargassum, lead (II); cadmium (II), kinetic, isotherm

 
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