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Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering
Iranian Association of Environmental Health (IAEH)
ISSN: p-ISSN: 1735-1979
Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 257-268
Bioline Code: se08042
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 257-268

 en Evaluation Of Hollow Fiber Membrane Bioreactor Efficiency For Municipal Wastewater Treatment
Naghizadeh, A.; Mahvi, A. H.; Vaezi, F. & Naddafi, K.


The membrane bioreactor technology has been proven to be a single step process in efficient treatment of wastewater, either directly or after pretreatment by reverse osmosis. In this study, a pilot scale experiment was studied to treat a synthetic municipal wastewater sample. The aerobic reactor with a submerged membrane used in this work was continuously aerated for organic matter oxidation, nitrification and phosphorous uptake as well as for fouling control. The mixed liquor was recycled from the aerated zone to the anoxic zone for denitrification. The membrane had a nominal pore size of 0.1 μm and a filtration area of 4.0 m2. The performance of submerged membrane bioreactor was examined in order to determine the removal efficiency of organic compounds and nitrogen in different solid retention times (10, 20, 30, and 40 days) under a continuous inflow of the synthetic municipal wastewater. Results indicated that the submerged membrane bioreactor could efficiently remove the pollutants. Average removal rates of chemical oxygen demand, total Kejeldahl nitrogen removal, total nitrogen and phosphorous reached to as high as 99.3%, 98.1%, 85.5%, and 52%, respectively. Furthermore, concentrations of nitrate and nitrite in the last stage were well reduced and reached to 5.3 and 0.047 mg/L, respectively.

Membrane bioreactor, wastewater treatment, solid retention time

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