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Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering
Iranian Association of Environmental Health (IAEH)
ISSN: p-ISSN: 1735-1979
Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 283-296
Bioline Code: se08045
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 283-296

 en Molecular Imprinted Solid Phase Extraction For Determination Of Atrazine In Environmental Samples
Koohpaei, A. R.; Shahtaheri, S. J.; Ganjali, M. R.; Forushani, A. Rahimi & Golbabaei, F.

Abstract

Solid phase extraction is one of the major applications of molecularly imprinted polymers fields for clean-up of environmental and biological samples namely molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction. In this study, solid phase extraction using the imprinted polymer has been optimized with the experimental design approach for a triazine herbicide, named atrazine with regard to the critical factors which influence the molecular imprinted solid phase extraction efficiency such as sample pH, concentration, flow-rate, volume, elution solvent, washing solvent and sorbent mass. Optimization methods that involve changing one factor at a time can be laborious. A novel approach for the optimization of imprinted solid-phase extraction using chemometrics is described. The factors were evaluated statistically and also validated with spiked water samples and showed a good reproducibility over six consecutive days as well as six within-day experiments. Also, in order to the evaluate efficiency of the optimized molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction protocols, enrichment capacity, reusability and cross-reactivity of cartridges have been also evaluated. Finally, selective molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction of atrazine was successfully demonstrated with a recovery above 90% for spiked drinking water samples. It was concluded that the chemometrics is frequently employed for analytical method optimization and based on the obtained results, it is believed that the central composite design could prove beneficial for aiding the molecularly imprinted polymer and molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction development.

Keywords
Imprinted solid-phase extraction, chemometrics, herbicides, atrazine

 
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