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Smithiana Bulletin
The South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity
ISSN: 1684-4130
Vol. 1, No. 1, 2003, pp. 1-48

Bioline Code: sm03001
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Smithiana Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2003, pp. 1-48

 en A Review of the Cardinalfishes (Perciformes: Apogonidae) of the Rea Sea
Ofer Gon & John E. Randall

Abstract

Twelve genera and 54 species of cardinalfishes are reported from the Red Sea. The Red Sea cardinalfishes include: Apogon annularis   check for this species in other resources Rüppell, A. apogonides (Bleeker), Apogon bryx   check for this species in other resources Fraser, A. campbelli Smith, A. coccineus Rüppell, A. cookii Macleay, A. cyanosoma Bleeker, A. erythrosoma n. sp., A. exostigma (Jordan & Starks), A. fleurieu   check for this species in other resources (LacepPde), A. fraenatus   check for this species in other resources Valenciennes, A. guamensis Valenciennes, A. gularis Fraser & Lachner, A. heptastygma Cuvier, A. isus Randall & Böhlke, A. kallopterus Bleeker, A. leptacanthus Bleeker, A. multitaeniatus Cuvier, A. nigrofasciatus Lachner, A. pharaonis Bellotti, A. pselion Randall, Fraser & Lachner, A. pseudotaeniatus Gon, A. quadrifasciatus Cuvier, A. queketti Gilchrist, A. semiornatus Peters, A. smithi (Kotthaus), A. spilurus Regan, A. taeniatus Cuvier, A. talboti Smith, A. timorensis Bleeker, A. zebrinus Fraser, Randall & Lachner, Apogonichthys perdix   check for this species in other resources Bleeker, Archamia bilineata   check for this species in other resources Gon & Randall, Archamia fucata   check for this species in other resources (Cantor), Archamia lineolata   check for this species in other resources (Cuvier), Cercamia eremia   check for this species in other resources (Allen), Cheilodipterus lachneri   check for this species in other resources Klausewitz, C. lineatus (ForsskDl), C. macrodon LacepPde, C. novemstriatus (Rüppell), C. pygmaios Gon, C. quinquelineatus Cuvier, Foa fo   check for this species in other resources Jordan & Seale, Fowleria aurita   check for this species in other resources (Valenciennes), F. marmorata (Alleyne & Macleay), F. vaiulae (Jordan & Seale), F. variegata (Valenciennes), Neamia octospina   check for this species in other resources Smith & Radcliffe, Pseudamia gelatinosa   check for this species in other resources Smith, Rhabdamia cypselura   check for this species in other resources Weber, R. nigrimentum (Smith), R. spilota Allen & Kuiter, Siphamia permutata   check for this species in other resources Klausewitz, and Sphaeramia orbicularis   check for this species in other resources (Cuvier). Twelve (22%) of the apogonid species are endemic. Seven species, i.e. Apogon apogonides, A. campbelli, A. erythrosoma, A. talboti, Foa fo, Rhabdamia spilota and Sphaeramia orbicularis, are new to the Red Sea. Apogon coccineus of previous authors is a complex of three species, including campbelli Smith and erythrosoma n. sp. The dark-striped species of Apogon   check for this species in other resources of the Red Sea previously identified as angustatus, endekataenia, fasciatus, or novemfasciatus are cookii and nigrofasciatus. Red Sea apogonids identified by previous authors as Apogon bandanensis, monochrous, nubilus and savayensis, are guamensis and zebrinus. Apogon micromaculatus   check for this species in other resources Kotthaus is A. spilurus Regan. The specimen of Apogon kiensis   check for this species in other resources reported by Smith (1961) from the Red Sea is A. bryx, recently described from the Philippines. In the genus Fowleria   check for this species in other resources , polystigma (Bleeker) and punctulata (Rüppell) are junior synonyms of variegata (Valenciennes). F. abocellata Goren & Karplus is a junior synonym of vaiulae (Jordan & Seale), and isostigma (Jordan & Seale) does not occur in the Red Sea. Apogon cupreus and A. latus, both of Cuvier, are unidentifiable. A. hyalosoma and A. taeniophorus are doubtful records.

 
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