A new cichlid species, assigned to the genus Chetia
, is described from the Lecitu River (Buzi system) in Manica Province, Mozambique. The diagnostic features for this species are: deep body (37.4-41.6% SL); large head (39.4-41.0% SL); long pectoral fin (25.0-28.4% SL); low number of lateral line scales (31-32); reduced number of caudal vertebrae (14); a short and deep caudal peduncle (length/ depth ratio 1.0). The new species is compared to other members of the genus and some other serranochromines. The value of certain diagnostic features and the distribution of the genus Chetia
are discussed. Additions are made to the Buzi River system ichthyofaunal checklist.