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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 1, No. 1, 2004, pp. 45-50
Bioline Code: st04006
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2004, pp. 45-50

 en Application of Chitin and Zeolite adsorbents for treatment of low level radioactive liquid wastes
F.Moattarand, S.Hayeripour

Abstract

Two types of Shrimp Chitin derivatives and two types of Iranian natural Zeolite derivatives (Firuzkooh Clinoptiliolite) were studied for adsorption and treatment of low-level radioactive liquid waste (LLW). Chitin with lowers than 10% and Chtiosan with higher than 90% deacetylation factor were selected as natural organic adsorbents. Natural Cliniptilolite of Firuzkooh area and Na form derivatives of it were selected as natural inorganic adsorbents. The static and dynamic ion exchange experimental results show that the adadsorption efficiency depend on particle size, PH, adsorbent type, deacetylation factor (in Chitin adsorbents) and cation type. The best Cs adsorption occurred in Na form Clinoptilolite. Nevertheless Chitin derivatives, particularly Chitosan, are more efficient than Zeolite adsorbents for removing of radionuclides such as 137Cs, 54Mn, 90Sr and 60Co. Adsorption performance was discussed and compared with each other.

Keywords
Chitin, Chitosan, Clinoptilolite, adsorption, radionuclides

 
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