Identification and determination of PAHs compounds in Anzali International Wetland|
F. Yazdanparast, A. Nouri and M. Rabbani
The worst environmental pollutants in Anzali International Wetland are oily hydrocarbons especially aromatic and poly aromatic compounds (PAHs). The existence of oily compounds with approximate limit of concentration of 0.1 μg/l in aquatic environment bans the growth of fish larva and causes the generic state manner of animals. Anzali International Wetland, which is situated in the west – southern part of Caspian Sea where has environmental importance in life of living organisms and ecosystems. In this reseach, four sites, Pirbazar, Pasikhan, west and central parts, where are situated in Anzali International Wetland, have been studied in 2002. Waste sedimentation soil Sampling was performed during winter and spring in the above-mentioned regions. In the first stage, the purpose of sampling was to access optimum instrumental conditions and correct and precise procedures. Oily pollutants were extracted from water and it was done by using CC14 solvent after cleaning and concentrating. The extracted samples were identified with gas chromatographic method with using polyaromatic standard solutions. By the powerful GC/MS method; results of qualitative analysis were confirmed. Also by GC/MS using SIM mode quantitative analysis were performed. Quantitative study of polyaromatic compounds has also been done by luminescence spectrophotometry. Some compounds which were identified in the water samples were: olifinic, aromatic and poly – aromatic compounds such as: antracene, fluourine, xylene, methylbenzene, naphthalene and acenaphtylene. Finally, the degree of biodegradation of compounds such as pristan (C19H40) and phytan (C20H42) in water samples was integrated.
Anzali International Wetland, Wetland pollutants, poly aromatic hydrocarbons, water pollution