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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 4, No. 2, 2007, pp. 277-281
Bioline Code: st07036
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2007, pp. 277-281

 en Biodegradation of palmarosa oil (green oil) by Serratia marcescens check for this species in other resources
Mohanan, S.; Maruthamuthu, S.; Muthukumar, N.; Rajesekar, A. & Palaniswamy, N.

Abstract

Biodegradation of oil depends on the nature of the oil, the type of microbial community and a variety of environmental factors. Green oils are being used as consumer goods and as raw materials in industries such as food processing, pharmaceutical and cosmetic. Microbial contaminations of green oils have been the cause of degradation problems. Serratia marcescens check for this species in other resources produced cytochrome oxidase, catalase, Dextrose, Lactose, Manose and sorbitol enzymes were the main reason for the degradation af palmarosa oil. Changes of colour and turbidity was also the evidence for green oil degradation by bacteria. More oxygen included protons (O-CH2) group was produced in the presence of bacterial species and the addition of oxygen took place during bacterial degradation of palmarosa oil. The biodegradation of palmarosa oil by Serratia marcescens have been carried out using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic spectroscopy (NMR) analysis. Carboxyl group present in the palmorasa oil is utilised as a sole carbon sources for the Serratia marcescens.

Keywords
Biodegradation, green oil, palmarosa oil, serratia sp.

 
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