International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
Vol. 4, No. 4, 2007, pp. 433-440
Bioline Code: st07056
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2007, pp. 433-440
© Copyright 2007 Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
Adsorptive removal of textile reactive dye using Posidonia oceanica (L.) fibrous biomass|
Ncibi, M. C.; Mahjoub, B. & Seffen, M.
The Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) leaf sheaths were used as low cost, available and renewable biological adsorbent for the removal of reactive textile dye from aqueous solutions. Batch experiments were carried out for sorption kinetics and isotherms. Operating variables studied were temperature, pH and chemical pretreatment. Biosorption capacity seems to be enhanced by increasing the temperature. Maximum colour removal was observed at pH 5. Pre-treating fibres with H3PO4 and HNO3 solutions increased the adsorption efficiency up to 80 %. Experimental sorption kinetic data were fitted to both Lagergren first-order and pseudo-second-order models and the data were found to follow first-order equation for raw fibres and pseudo-second-order for pre-treated ones. Equilibrium data were well represented by the Freundlich isotherm model for all tested adsorption systems. Besides, the thermodynamic study has showed that the dye adsorption phenomenon onto P. oceanica biomass was favourable, endothermic and spontaneous.
Biosorption, posidonia seagrass, reactive dye, chemical treatments, modeling
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