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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 565-569
Bioline Code: st08063
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 565-569

 en Removal of hydrogen sulfide by zinc oxide nanoparticles in drilling fluid
Sayyadnejad, M. A.; Ghaffarian, H. R. & Saeidi, M.

Abstract

Hydrogen sulfide is a very dangerous, toxic and corrosive gas. It can diffuse into drilling fluid from formations during drilling of gas and oil wells. Hydrogen sulfide should be removed from this fluid to reduce the environmental pollution, protect the health of drilling workers and prevent corrosion of pipelines and equipments. In this research nano zinc oxide with 14-25 nm particle size and 44-56 m2/g specific surface area was synthesized by spray pyrolysis method. The synthesized nanoparticles were used to remove hydrogen sulfide from water based drilling fluid. The efficiency of these nanoparticles in the removal of hydrogen sulfide from drilling mud were evaluated and compared with that of bulk zinc oxide. The obtained results show that synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles are completely able to remove hydrogen sulfide from water based drilling mud in just 15 min., whereas bulk zinc oxide is able to remove 2.5% of hydrogen sulfide in as long as 90 min. under the same operating conditions.

Keywords
Nano zinc oxide, pollution, hydrogen suifide, scavenger, absorbent, acid gas

 
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