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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 6, No. 1, 2009, pp. 77-90
Bioline Code: st09008
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2009, pp. 77-90

 en Sorption isotherms and kinetics of chromium uptake from wastewater using natural sorbent material
Shah, B. A.; Shah, A. V. & Singh, R. R.

Abstract

Chromium (VI) which exists in many industrial wastewater is considered highly toxic. The aim of the present investigation was to study the reduction of chromium (VI) to chromium (III) and then removing it with the help of weathered basalt andesite products. Reduction of the chromium (VI) to chromium (III) by hydrazinium sulfate was investigated. The influence of hydronium ion concentration, contact time, hydrazinium sulphate dosage and temperature has been tested in batch runs. The process was found to be acid, temperature and concentration dependent. The suitability of weathered basalt andesite products as a potential sorbent was assessed for the removal of chromium (III) following batch mode of operation. The effect of various parameters such as hydronium ion concentration, shaking time, sorbent dose, initial metal ion concentration and temperature on the removal of chromium (III) from aqueous solution was studied. Thermodynamic parameters (DH°, DS° and DG°) for the sorption process were evaluated. Analysis of sorption obtained results showed that the sorption pattern followed the Freundlich, Langmuir and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich isotherms. The process follows pseudo second order rate and surface diffusion is identified as the predominating mechanism. The sorption process was shown to be reversible by the recovery of sorbed chromium (III) upon extraction with 0.5 M nitric acid. The sorbent, before and after sorption, was characterized by fourier transform infrared spectrometer, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, transmision electron microscope and thermo-gravimetric analyse methodes. An increase in crystallanity after sorption of chromium was observed. An industrial effluent was successfully treated with the same sorbent with convincing results.

Keywords
Weathered basalt andesite products, reduction of chromium (VI), hydrazinium sulfate

 
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