International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
Vol. 6, No. 2, 2009, pp. 249-258
Bioline Code: st09028
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2009, pp. 249-258
© © 2009 IRSEN, CEERS, IAU
Remediation of soil co-contaminated with pyrene and cadmium by growing maize ( Zea mays L.)|
Zhang, H.; Dang, Z.; Zheng, L. C. & Yi, X. Y.
Sites co-contaminated with organic and metal pollutants are common and considered to be a more complex problem as the two components often causes a synergistic effect on cytotoxicity. Phytoremediation has been proposed as a cost-effective technology for treating heavy metal or organic contamination and may be suitable for remediation of co-contaminated soil. This study investigated the concurrent removal of pyrene and cadmium in co-contaminated soil by growing maize in a pot experiment. At the end of 60 day culture, pyrene in spiked soil diminished significantly, accounting for 21-31 % of the initial extractable concentration in unplanted soil and 12-27 % in planted soil. With the increment of cadmium level, the residual pyrene both in unplanted and planted soil tended to increase. Although the presence of cadmium increased the accumulation of pyrene in maize, plant accumulation only account for less than 0.30 % of the total amount of the dissipated pyrene in vegetated soils. It implied that plant-promoted microbial biodegradation was the predominant contribution to the plant-enhanced dissipation of pyrene in co-contaminated soil. Unlike pyrene, heavy metal cadmium cannot be degraded. It was observed that maize can concurrently removed about on the average 0.70 % of the total cadmium amount in soil by plant uptake, but cadmium phytoextraction would be inhibited under contamination of pyrene. Maize CT38 can normally grow in the co-contaminated soil with high level cadmium and pyrene and can effectively remedy the sites co-contaminated with these two types of contamination, which suggest the possibility of simultaneous phytoremediation of two different contaminant types.
Heavy metal, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, maize, phytoextraction
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