International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
Vol. 6, No. 4, 2009, pp. 521-526
Bioline Code: st09057
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2009, pp. 521-526
© Copyright 2009 Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
Laboratory and pilot testing of electrocoagulation for removing scaleforming species from industrial process waters|
Schulz, M. C.; Baygents, J. C. & Farrell, J.
This study investigated the performance of electrocoagulation using iron and aluminum electrodes for removing silica, calcium and magnesium from cooling tower blowdown and reverse osmosis reject waters. Experiments were conducted at both the bench and pilot scales to determine the levels of target species removal as a function of the coagulant dose. At the bench scale, aluminum removed the target compounds from both cooling tower blowdown and reverse osmosis reject more efficiently than iron. A 2 mM aluminum dose removed 80 % of the silica and 20 to 40 % of the calcium and magnesium. The same iron dose removed only 60 % of the silica and 10 to 20 % of the calcium and magnesium. When operated with iron electrodes, pilot unit performance was comparable to that of the bench unit, which suggests that such systems can be scaled-up on the basis of coagulant dose. However, when operated with aluminum electrodes the pilot unit underperformed the bench unit due to fouling of the electrode surfaces after a few hours of operation. This result was completely unexpected based on the short-term experiments performed using the bench unit.
Cooling tower blowdown; Electrocoagulation; Hardness removal; Silica removal; Water softening
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