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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 7, No. 4, 2010, pp. 675-686
Bioline Code: st10067
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2010, pp. 675-686

 en Prediction of tidal excursion length in estuaries due to the environmental changes
Parsa, J. & Etemad Shahidi, A.

Abstract

Tidal excursion is an important parameter that indicates hydraulic and mixing characteristics of estuarine environments. Prediction of the tidal excursion length provides a proper tool for environmental management of estuaries. In this study, the governing equations of the salinity transport were scaled first to recognize the effective dimensionless parameters of tidal excursion length. Then, a laterally averaged two-dimensional numerical model called CE-QUAL-W2 was used as a virtual laboratory to simulate the salinity intrusion length. Existing field data of Limpopo estuary, as a case study, was used for calibration and verification of the model and reasonable agreement was observed between the model results and the field data. Finally, the verified model was used to assess the influences of the governing parameters. The results showed that simple power functions can be used to describe the effects of dimensionless parameters obtained by scaling of the governing equations. As a result, a new formula in form of a power function was derived to predict the tidal excursion length based on the geometric and hydrodynamic characteristics of alluvial estuaries. Comparison of the computed tidal excursion lengths using the derived formula with the observed measurements in several estuaries showed the robustness of the developed formula.

Keywords
Alluvial estuaries; Environmental management; Numerical simulation; Scaling; Tidal range; Water quality

 
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