International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
Vol. 8, No. 2, 2011, pp. 417-424
Bioline Code: st11038
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2011, pp. 417-424
© Copyright 2011 - Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
Innovative anaerobic upflow sludge blanket filtration combined bioreactor for nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater|
khorsandi, H.; Movahedyan, H.; Bina, B. & Farrokhzadeh, H.
In this research, a novel laboratory scale anaerobic/upflow sludge blanket filtration combined bioreactor was designed and operated to improve the efficiency of the upflow sludge blanket filtration process for the simultaneous removal of phosphorus and nitrogen from wastewater. The anaerobic/upflow sludge blanket filtration technique was developed by adding an anaerobic reactor to its influent and operated by varying the main process parameters in order to gain the optimum conditions. The results showed that biological removal efficiency of nitrogen and preservation of sludge blanket strongly depend on wastewater characteristics, hydraulic retention time, sludge age and process controlling parameters. The combined bioreactor performed a total nitrogen removal efficiency of 96.6 % with the sludge age of 25 days, total hydraulic retention time of 24 h and optimum "chemical oxygen demand/nitrogen/phosphorus" ratio of 100/5/1. This ratio also improved the compaction quality of sludge blanket in the upflow sludge blanket filtration clarifier. The average specific nitrification and denitrification rates occurred during the process can be expressed as 4.43 mg NOx-N produced/g VSS.d and 5.50 mg NOx-N removed/g VSS.d at the optimum ratio, respectively. To avoid sludge rising due to denitrification process, the optimum total hydraulic retention time of 16 to 24 h was achieved based on the effluent quality. This study suggested that the anaerobic/upflow sludge blanket filtration bioreactor at the optimum operational conditions can be an effective process for removal of nutrients from municipal wastewater.
Bioreactor; Municipal wastewater; Nutrients; Upflow sludge blanket filtration
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